Burlington Emergency & Veterinary Specialists » Summer https://bevsvt.com Fri, 13 Oct 2017 15:58:33 +0000 en-US hourly 1 http://wordpress.org/?v=4.1.19 Preventing Ticks on Your Petshttps://bevsvt.com/2015/preventing-ticks-on-your-pets/ https://bevsvt.com/2015/preventing-ticks-on-your-pets/#comments Tue, 26 May 2015 19:57:12 +0000 http://bevsvt.com/?p=1687 Dogs are very susceptible to tick bites and tickborne diseases. Vaccines are not available for all the tickborne diseases that dogs can get, and they don’t keep the dogs from bringing ticks into your home. For these reasons, it’s important to use a tick preventive product on your dog.

Tick bites on dogs may be hard to detect. Signs of tickborne disease may not appear for 7-21 days or longer after a tick bite, so watch your dog closely for changes in behavior or appetite if you suspect that your pet has been bitten by a tick.

To reduce the chances that a tick will transmit disease to you or your pets:

  • Check your pets for ticks daily, especially after they spend time outdoors.
  • If you find a tick on your dog, remove it right away.
  • Ask your veterinarian to conduct a tick check at each exam.
  • Talk to your veterinarian about tickborne diseases in your area.
  • Reduce tick habitat in your yard.
  • Talk with your veterinarian about using tick preventives on your pet.

 

Note: Cats are extremely sensitive to a variety of chemicals. Do not apply any insect acaricides or repellents to your cats without first consulting your veterinarian!

Kill Ticks on Dogs

A pesticide product that kills ticks is known as an acaricide. Acaricides that can be used on dogs include dusts, impregnated collars, sprays, or topical treatments. Some acaricides kill the tick on contact. Others may be absorbed into the bloodstream of a dog and kill ticks that attach and feed.

Pros:

  • Helps to reduce the number of ticks in the environment
  • Prevents tickborne disease

Cons:

  • Tick bites can cause a painful wound and may become infected.
  • When bitten, a dog may become infected with a number of diseases. This depends on the type of tick, which diseases it is carrying (if any), and how quickly a product kills the feeding tick.

Examples of topically applied products (active ingredients):

  • Fipronil
  • Pyrethroids (permethrin, etc.)
  • Amitraz

Repel Ticks on Dogs

A repellent product may prevent the tick from coming into contact with an animal at all or have anti-feeding effects once the tick comes into contact with the chemical, thus preventing a bite.

Pros:

  • Prevents bite wounds and possible resulting infections
  • Prevents tickborne disease

Cons:

  • Will not reduce the number of ticks in the environment (doesn’t kill ticks)

Examples of topically applied products (active ingredients):

  • Pyrethroids (permethrin, etc.)

Reference to any commercial entity or product or service on this page should not be construed as an endorsement by the Government of the company, its products, or its services.

 

Content source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID)

Division of Vector-Borne Diseases (DVBD)

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Emergency Tips for Petshttps://bevsvt.com/2015/emergency-instructions/ https://bevsvt.com/2015/emergency-instructions/#comments Fri, 20 Feb 2015 18:47:44 +0000 http://bevsvt.com/?p=1649 If you are concerned or unsure if your pet needs emergency care, please call us at (802) 863-2387.  If your dog or cat ingested something poisonous please call your veterinarian or Pet Poison Helpline at 800-213-6680 for help immediately! The sooner a dog poisoning or cat poisoning is diagnosed, the easier, less expensive, and safer it is for your pet to get treated!

Seek emergency care immediately in these situations:

  • Unconsciousness, collapse or extreme lethargy
  • Suspected ingestion of a foreign body, harmful chemicals, human medications, or toxic plants
  • Trouble breathing
  • Trauma from fall or hit by moving vehicle
  • Extreme pain causing whining or shaking
  • Swollen and tense abdomen
  • Straining to urinate
  • Hemorrhage
  • Disorientation or seizures
  • Uncontrolled or prolonged vomiting and/or diarrhea
  • Prolonged straining without delivery of puppies or kittens

 

What to do if your dog or cat is poisoned:

  • Remove your pet from the area.
  • Check to make sure your pet is safe: breathing and acting normally.
  • Do NOT give any home antidotes.
  • Do NOT induce vomiting without consulting a vet or Pet Poison Helpline.
  • Call Pet Poison Helpline at 800-213-6680.
  • If veterinary attention is necessary, contact your veterinarian or emergency veterinary clinic immediately.

 

First Aid Kits for Dogs—5 Key Items to Pack

  1. Saline – This is used to flush out wounds when dirt or debris is present. You may use the bottle alone, or carry a syringe without a needle to apply the saline.  Saline is sold over the counter.
  2. Triple Antibiotic Ointment -This may be used for minor scrapes and cuts that your pet may encounter. A common one used is over the counter Bacitracin.  Do not allow your pet to lick the ointment off of the cut or scrape.
  3. Gauze and Wrap – If your pet gets a cut that is bleeding, it is important to be able to control it until you are able to get to a veterinarian. Gauze is a soft material that you may place over the bleeding wound to help control the bleeding. A soft wrap (such as vet wrap) is then applied to keep the gauze in place. The vet wrap sticks to itself so that it stays on, but not to your pet’s fur. They will love you extra when it’s time to remove the wrap. When wrapping, make sure to place a thumb or finger underneath the wrap to ensure that you are not wrapping too tight.
  4.  Fresh Hydrogen Peroxide – This is not to be used for cleaning , but rather to induce vomiting if your pet ingests something toxic. ALWAYS consult with your veterinarian or poison control center before giving your dog Peroxide. In some cases, vomiting should NOT be induced (such as ingestion of Kerosene, sharp objects or many other chemicals)
  5. Muzzle – When dogs injure themselves, they are painful and this may cause them to want to bite. It doesn’t mean that you have a mean dog, just that he/she is telling you that they hurt. A muzzle will help to prevent bites to you and/or helpers.
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Pets and Garden Veggieshttps://bevsvt.com/2014/pets-garden-veggies/ https://bevsvt.com/2014/pets-garden-veggies/#comments Tue, 22 Jul 2014 13:55:19 +0000 http://bevsvt.com/?p=1558 How does your garden grow? Silver bells? Cockle shells? Ours doesn’t have any of these either, but with all the great sun and shots of rain here and there, it is showing great promise for some yummy vegetables. Some vegies can be good for your pets too, but we wanted to list a few common garden plants that are toxic and to keep your pet away from–

Bulb Veggies: The basic rule of thumb is if a vegetable grows as an underground bulb, keep it out of Fido’s bowl. Onions, chives and leeks contain a chemical that can break down your dog’s red blood cells.
Garlic contains the same chemical, but in smaller amounts. Some dog foods and treats contain very low doses of garlic, which are generally considered safe by most veterinarians.
Potato and Tomato Plants: These two vegetables themselves are safe to eat, but the leaves and stems of the plants are very toxic to dogs.
Rhubarb: The leaves and stalk of the rhubarb are the toxic parts. Both the stalk and leaves contain oxalate crystals (although the leaves are more toxic), which deplete the calcium in the dog’s body.
Mushrooms: For dogs, all mushrooms are on the unsafe list.

You and your pet can both enjoy carrots, green beans, broccoli, and cucumbers! (In small amounts, cut up in bite- size portions)

Written By Aimee Gilfillan

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Pet and Boat Safetyhttps://bevsvt.com/2014/pet-boat-safety/ https://bevsvt.com/2014/pet-boat-safety/#comments Thu, 10 Jul 2014 14:18:34 +0000 http://bevsvt.com/?p=1568 PET AND BOAT SAFETY ALERT

Please use extra caution when your dog exits your boat–This week, we have had two separate emergency cases where dogs have jumped from their owner’s boat attempting to land on a dock. In both cases, the dogs missed their landing, hit against the docks and ruptured their bladders. Both “Charlie” the Black Lab and “Wesley” the Mix required surgery to repair their bladders. “Charlie” was discharged on Tuesday and “Wesley” was discharged today!
Keep having water fun, just be careful!!

BSafetyBSafety1

Written by Aimee Gilfillan

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First Aid Kits for Dogs – 10 Key Items to Packhttps://bevsvt.com/2013/first-aid-kits-for-dogs-10-key-items-to-pack/ https://bevsvt.com/2013/first-aid-kits-for-dogs-10-key-items-to-pack/#comments Fri, 07 Jun 2013 18:29:52 +0000 http://bevsvt.com/?p=874 The weather is beginning to be nice here in Vermont, and that means that our dogs are out and about more often. Swims, hikes, runs, and play dates with other pups are among some of the favorite activities our dogs simply LOVE.  Unfortunately, along with hard play come some common injuries such as scrapes, cuts, torn nails and ingestion of toxic substances, to name a few.  It’s always great to be prepared to provide minor first aid in the event of one of these occurrences.  Here’s a list of a few items to keep on hand in case of an injury.

First Aid Kits for Dogs—10 Key Items to Pack

 

1)      Saline

This is used to flush out wounds when dirt or debris is present. You may use the bottle alone, or carry a syringe without a needle to apply the saline.  Saline is sold over the counter.

 

2)      Triple Antibiotic Ointment

This may be used for minor scrapes and cuts that your pet may encounter. A common one used is over the counter Bacitracin.  Do not allow your pet to lick the ointment off of the cut or scrape.

 

3)      Gauze and Wrap

If your pet gets a cut that is bleeding, it is important to be able to control it until you are able to get to a veterinarian. Gauze is a soft material that you may place over the bleeding wound to help control the bleeding. A soft wrap (such as vet wrap) is then applied to keep the gauze in place. The vet wrap sticks to itself so that it stays on, but not to your pet’s fur. They will love you extra when it’s time to remove the wrap. When wrapping, make sure to place a thumb or finger underneath the wrap to ensure that you are not wrapping too tight.

 

4)      Fresh Hydrogen Peroxide

This is not to be used for cleaning , but rather to induce vomiting if your pet ingests something toxic. ALWAYS consult with your veterinarian or poison control center before giving your dog Peroxide. In some cases, vomiting should NOT be induced (such as ingestion of Kerosene, sharp objects or many other chemicals)

 

5)      Styptic Powder

This product can be bought at most pet stores.  It is a product that is used to make blood clot when a toenail is bleeding.  Many dogs can tear a nail when running or playing with another dog. If the nail tears into the kwik (blood supply of the nail) bleeding will occur. Styptic powder helps to stop the bleeding.

6)  Disposable latex gloves

These are used to reduce the risk of infection when treating wounds, as well as keeping yourself clean from blood.  When cleaning wounds we want to limit the amount of dirt that is in and around the wound. It is better to clean and apply ointment with fresh, clean gloves.

 

6)      Tick Removal Tool

In Vermont there are many ticks that want to feed on our furry friends. There are tick borne diseases, such as Lyme, Ehrlichia, and Anaplasma that can be transmitted to our dogs.  These diseases at times can be life threatening. There are tools such as tick spoons that help you to easily remove a tick from your pet if you see one attached. The tick should then be killed, so that he/she is unable to re-attach to a pet or human.

7)      Muzzle

When dogs injure themselves, they are painful and this may cause them to want to bite. It doesn’t mean that you have a mean dog, just that he/she is telling you that they hurt. A muzzle will help to prevent bites to you and/or helpers.

 

8)      Water Based Lubricant

This is helpful to apply around a wound to keep the fur out of the wound, and prevent more contamination.  Also, if you need to use a thermometer to take your pets temperature, this can be used to lubricate the thermometer.

 

9)      Phone Numbers

The phone numbers of your regular veterinarian, the emergency veterinarian, and poison control should be located inside of your first aid kit. Providing minor first aid is great, but your veterinarian should always be called for advice and/or for further treatment. Poison Control is very helpful with aiding you with toxic substances.

 

Now go grab your dog, and have a blast this summer!

 

Written By: Cait Tobin

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