Burlington Emergency & Veterinary Specialists » ticks http://bevsvt.com Wed, 05 Jul 2017 18:29:30 +0000 en-US hourly 1 http://wordpress.org/?v=4.1.18 Preventing Ticks on Your Petshttp://bevsvt.com/2015/preventing-ticks-on-your-pets/ http://bevsvt.com/2015/preventing-ticks-on-your-pets/#comments Tue, 26 May 2015 19:57:12 +0000 http://bevsvt.com/?p=1687 Dogs are very susceptible to tick bites and tickborne diseases. Vaccines are not available for all the tickborne diseases that dogs can get, and they don’t keep the dogs from bringing ticks into your home. For these reasons, it’s important to use a tick preventive product on your dog.

Tick bites on dogs may be hard to detect. Signs of tickborne disease may not appear for 7-21 days or longer after a tick bite, so watch your dog closely for changes in behavior or appetite if you suspect that your pet has been bitten by a tick.

To reduce the chances that a tick will transmit disease to you or your pets:

  • Check your pets for ticks daily, especially after they spend time outdoors.
  • If you find a tick on your dog, remove it right away.
  • Ask your veterinarian to conduct a tick check at each exam.
  • Talk to your veterinarian about tickborne diseases in your area.
  • Reduce tick habitat in your yard.
  • Talk with your veterinarian about using tick preventives on your pet.

 

Note: Cats are extremely sensitive to a variety of chemicals. Do not apply any insect acaricides or repellents to your cats without first consulting your veterinarian!

Kill Ticks on Dogs

A pesticide product that kills ticks is known as an acaricide. Acaricides that can be used on dogs include dusts, impregnated collars, sprays, or topical treatments. Some acaricides kill the tick on contact. Others may be absorbed into the bloodstream of a dog and kill ticks that attach and feed.

Pros:

  • Helps to reduce the number of ticks in the environment
  • Prevents tickborne disease

Cons:

  • Tick bites can cause a painful wound and may become infected.
  • When bitten, a dog may become infected with a number of diseases. This depends on the type of tick, which diseases it is carrying (if any), and how quickly a product kills the feeding tick.

Examples of topically applied products (active ingredients):

  • Fipronil
  • Pyrethroids (permethrin, etc.)
  • Amitraz

Repel Ticks on Dogs

A repellent product may prevent the tick from coming into contact with an animal at all or have anti-feeding effects once the tick comes into contact with the chemical, thus preventing a bite.

Pros:

  • Prevents bite wounds and possible resulting infections
  • Prevents tickborne disease

Cons:

  • Will not reduce the number of ticks in the environment (doesn’t kill ticks)

Examples of topically applied products (active ingredients):

  • Pyrethroids (permethrin, etc.)

Reference to any commercial entity or product or service on this page should not be construed as an endorsement by the Government of the company, its products, or its services.

 

Content source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID)

Division of Vector-Borne Diseases (DVBD)

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When To Be Bugged about Bugshttp://bevsvt.com/2014/bugged-bugs/ http://bevsvt.com/2014/bugged-bugs/#comments Mon, 14 Jul 2014 17:36:41 +0000 http://bevsvt.com/?p=1465 Though Vermont’s cold winters keep a lot of bugs in check, there are still many common ones that you and your pet may encounter. How do you know when to race to our ER or when to wait for your veterinarian?  First, know your enemy, as horrifying as it is to see one of those creepy crawlies clinging to your pet don’t panic, most are simply and easily vanquished.

Ticks: Remove them by pulling from the base where it is attached. You can use tweezers or special store bought tick removers. It is always best to remove a tick as soon as possible to reduce the risk of transferring tick borne illnesses like Lyme.  After you remove the tick, make sure to keep in mind to get your pet tested. The testing available may detect antibodies in the blood from 3 weeks to several months post exposure. Make sure to monitor your dog for the most common signs of tick borne illness such as; stiffness, painful joints, lameness, lethargy, and fever. Check with your veterinarian about preventative medication, we see far more emergencies due to tick medication applications than for ticks themselves.

Fleas: These tiny pests can only be treated and prevented with medication, and all pets in the house must be treated. Other than blood loss and anemia from severe infestations, a minor flea problem is not too concerning, but should be addressed quickly. Tapeworms are passed from pet to pet by fleas, so preventing the fleas also make tapeworm infection less likely. Some pets can be allergic, and develop skin issues. Again check with your veterinarian about proper medication and application, this is another toxicity we commonly see at BEVS.

Worms: Most worms hosted by our pets are difficult to see without a fecal exam. The most common worms we can see with our naked eye in dogs and cats are roundworms (look like pieces of spaghetti) and tapeworms (their segments look like rice grains). If you are unfortunate enough to discover these in your pets stool or on their rear the most important thing to remember is collecting a stool sample for your veterinarian, and remembering basic hygiene. Roundworms are transferred via the fecal oral route. Pick up after your pets “business” and wash your hands thoroughly afterward will prevent reinfection. They do not prefer humans as a host but it does happen. The best route to treat worms is having a veterinarian perform a fecal test that identifies the parasite which helps determine which deworming medication is most effective. Most dewormers work quickly and effectively but your veterinarian may recommend rechecking the stool to make sure the infection is cleared.

Hit and Run Stingers and Biters: These are usually bees, hornets or wasps. Most of the time you will see their mark and not the insects themselves. Pets can be allergic to bites and stings just like humans. They have similar reactions to allergic humans ranging from minor swelling, hives and itching to severe swelling and respiratory distress. If you are questioning the severity of a reaction do not hesitate to call your veterinarian or BEVS. It is always best to play it safe in this scenario as a bad reaction can become life threatening quickly.

 

written by Christina Kim

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