Burlington Emergency & Veterinary Specialists » Hit by car http://bevsvt.com Mon, 26 Jun 2017 16:39:47 +0000 en-US hourly 1 http://wordpress.org/?v=4.1.18 Emergency Tips for Petshttp://bevsvt.com/2015/emergency-instructions/ http://bevsvt.com/2015/emergency-instructions/#comments Fri, 20 Feb 2015 18:47:44 +0000 http://bevsvt.com/?p=1649 If you are concerned or unsure if your pet needs emergency care, please call us at (802) 863-2387.  If your dog or cat ingested something poisonous please call your veterinarian or Pet Poison Helpline at 800-213-6680 for help immediately! The sooner a dog poisoning or cat poisoning is diagnosed, the easier, less expensive, and safer it is for your pet to get treated!

Seek emergency care immediately in these situations:

  • Unconsciousness, collapse or extreme lethargy
  • Suspected ingestion of a foreign body, harmful chemicals, human medications, or toxic plants
  • Trouble breathing
  • Trauma from fall or hit by moving vehicle
  • Extreme pain causing whining or shaking
  • Swollen and tense abdomen
  • Straining to urinate
  • Hemorrhage
  • Disorientation or seizures
  • Uncontrolled or prolonged vomiting and/or diarrhea
  • Prolonged straining without delivery of puppies or kittens

 

What to do if your dog or cat is poisoned:

  • Remove your pet from the area.
  • Check to make sure your pet is safe: breathing and acting normally.
  • Do NOT give any home antidotes.
  • Do NOT induce vomiting without consulting a vet or Pet Poison Helpline.
  • Call Pet Poison Helpline at 800-213-6680.
  • If veterinary attention is necessary, contact your veterinarian or emergency veterinary clinic immediately.

 

First Aid Kits for Dogs—5 Key Items to Pack

  1. Saline – This is used to flush out wounds when dirt or debris is present. You may use the bottle alone, or carry a syringe without a needle to apply the saline.  Saline is sold over the counter.
  2. Triple Antibiotic Ointment -This may be used for minor scrapes and cuts that your pet may encounter. A common one used is over the counter Bacitracin.  Do not allow your pet to lick the ointment off of the cut or scrape.
  3. Gauze and Wrap – If your pet gets a cut that is bleeding, it is important to be able to control it until you are able to get to a veterinarian. Gauze is a soft material that you may place over the bleeding wound to help control the bleeding. A soft wrap (such as vet wrap) is then applied to keep the gauze in place. The vet wrap sticks to itself so that it stays on, but not to your pet’s fur. They will love you extra when it’s time to remove the wrap. When wrapping, make sure to place a thumb or finger underneath the wrap to ensure that you are not wrapping too tight.
  4.  Fresh Hydrogen Peroxide – This is not to be used for cleaning , but rather to induce vomiting if your pet ingests something toxic. ALWAYS consult with your veterinarian or poison control center before giving your dog Peroxide. In some cases, vomiting should NOT be induced (such as ingestion of Kerosene, sharp objects or many other chemicals)
  5. Muzzle – When dogs injure themselves, they are painful and this may cause them to want to bite. It doesn’t mean that you have a mean dog, just that he/she is telling you that they hurt. A muzzle will help to prevent bites to you and/or helpers.
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7 Summer Pet Safety Tipshttp://bevsvt.com/2013/7-summer-pet-safety-tips/ http://bevsvt.com/2013/7-summer-pet-safety-tips/#comments Wed, 26 Jun 2013 15:53:56 +0000 http://bevsvt.com/?p=886 Keep your pets safe this summer by reading the following 7 Summer Pet Safety Tips. Have fun and play safe!

1.       Heat stroke and exhaustion:

   In the summer months, both people and animals can experience difficulty handling extreme temperatures and humidity. Unlike people, dogs have limited sweat glands and regulate their temperature through panting. Typically, we see occurrences of heat exhaustion and heat stroke in dogs who are outside for extended periods of time during the peak of the day’s temperature, usually between 11 a.m and 2 p.m.  Affected animals  become weak, dehydrated, and even collapse. Animals who are overweight, or those who suffer from underlying heart or lung problems are at an increased risk for heat exhaustion and heat stroke. During the summer it is important to exercise your dog either early in the morning or later in the evening, bring along plenty of water for them to drink during breaks, and consider dividing their total amount of exercise time into shorter blocks. It is NEVER acceptable to leave your animal in a parked car, even for a brief period of time. The temperature quickly escalates in an enclosed space, leading to an intolerable environment, markedly elevated body temperature, multi organ failure and death.

2.       Summer Pests:

 Along with warmer weather, summer also brings an abundance of insects. If you ever note that your dog has suddenly returned from the outdoors with an abruptly swollen face or dime-sized raised bumps all over his or her body, an allergic reaction to an insect bite is potentially to blame. Your first step should be a call to your regular veterinarian or local emergency clinic, as these reactions do have the potential to be life threatening. The majority of cases respond to treatment.

3.  Ticks and Fleas:

   During the summer it is important to ensure that you have your furry friend on a flea and tick preventative—there are a multitude of medication options that you can discuss with your regular veterinarian.  Having this conversation is important as ticks can carry infectious diseases and fleas can cause allergic reactions in animals as well as bites in humans.

4.  Barbeques and Picnics:

  If you are planning to have your dog accompany you to a picnic, barbeque or other outdoor gathering be sure to request that guests refrain from feeding your dog high fat, high protein tablescraps such as fried meat products and bones, which can wreak havoc on the digestive system, potentially resulting in vomiting, diarrhea, and inflammation of the pancreas. In addition, corn cobs are a common cause of intestinal obstructions which can require surgical intervention.

5. Traffic Safety:  

   During the warmer months most emergency clinics see an increase in the number of patients who are hit by vehicles. When outdoors, always ensure that your dog is kept on a leash with a properly fitted collar or harness with identification. Any dog that is struck by a vehicle should be evaluated by a veterinarian even if they initially appear uninjured as shock and some internal injuries may not be immediately apparent.

6. Seasonal Toxins:

    Ethylene glycol, the toxic ingredient found in antifreeze and brake fluid, is one of the most serious toxicities that we see in veterinary medicine.  Any suspected ingestion of this highly lethal substance should be taken seriously and a veterinarian should be contacted immediately.  The best plan of action for preventing such ingestions is to move all garage chemicals to an out of reach shelf and restrict your dog’s unsupervised access to the garage area. Other commonly seen toxicities requiring veterinary care include rat poison, ingestion of grapes and raisins, accidental ingestion of human medication, and consumption of moldy food or compost.  

7.  Summer Travels:

      Traveling with your dog can be wonderful, and for the most part these trips are uneventful. However, there is always the chance that your pet may experience a mishap. Before leaving your home, it is always a good idea to have the phone number and address of an emergency clinic that is convenient to where you will be vacationing. If your dog has numerous chronic medical conditions and an extensive medical history, it is a great idea to bring along a copy of his or her medical record. If your dog takes regular medications and will be accompanying you on a trip this summer, it is important to ensure that you have enough to last for the duration of your travels together.

 

written by Dr. Rachel Morgan

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Maisiehttp://bevsvt.com/2012/maisie/ http://bevsvt.com/2012/maisie/#comments Tue, 10 Jan 2012 18:57:52 +0000 http://bevsvt.com/?p=632 Maisie, a four-year-old kerry blue terrier came to BEVS after having her left front paw run over by a car.  The emergency team assessed her condition and determined she was stable. She was sedated and her wounds were flushed and bandaged. She had a severe degloving injury (the skin was missing) and two fractured metacarpal bones.  She was treated with antibiotics and pain medications.

Monday morning she was transferred to the surgical team for further care.  The initial assessment of the condition of Maisie’s paw was grim.  The skin that should have been covering the foot was infected and necrotic.  Tissue that should have been pink was turning gray and black in areas and sloughing off.  There was concern that she may lose the entire limb.

Maisie was sedated daily for flushing of her wounds bandage changes, her wounds were too painful to work on while she was awake.  At the end of the week Maisie was taken into surgery and a skin graft surgery was performed.  She was scheduled to come back in 5 days for a bandage change.

Unfortunately, due to inclement weather the bandage material got very wet, causing the graft to not fully take, and there was a severe bacterial infection.  A sample of the infected tissue was sent to a pathology lab so they could identify the bacteria and the appropriate antibiotics needed for treatment.  Maisie began a new and rigorous course of antibiotics.

After discussion of the options we decided to try and heal wounds without another surgery. For the next 7 weeks Maisie came in every 2-3 days for bandage changes.  During the last few weeks she came every 5-7 days.  Her owner did large amounts of excellent nursing care at home, keeping bandages dry, medicating her, and keeping an exuberant terrier on strict rest.

All of our combined efforts paid off!  Recheck radiographs were taken eight weeks after the accident, her fractures were healed!  We replaced her splint with a lighter one for a week.  The following week we placed a soft bandage.  Last week we removed the bandage completely!

 Maisie is a wonderful dog.  She has wagged her tail throughout her ordeal and wiggled her way into our hearts.  She had become a regular visitor and will be missed by the surgery team now that she has the go ahead to resume normal life.  Go Maisie, go!

 

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Meet Sox!http://bevsvt.com/2011/meet-sox/ http://bevsvt.com/2011/meet-sox/#comments Thu, 13 Oct 2011 15:18:12 +0000 http://localhost/bevs/?p=483 Meet Sox, an adorable, spunky 6 month old miniature dauschund. 6 weeks ago Sox presented to our hospital after being hit by a car. He was having difficulty breathing, he was pale, he had a very low blood pressure and he was very painful. He was given some pain medications and radiographs were quickly taken to identify the reasons for his distress. He had a diaphragmatic hernia and a fracture of his femur. The diaphragmatic hernia had allowed his abdominal organs, like his liver and stomach, to move into his chest cavity making it so he could not expand his lungs normally. He needed emergency surgery to fix that. He was quickly stabilized and taken into the operating room.

In surgery we put Sox on a respiratory ventilator because he was not able to breathe well on his own. We then made a long incision on his abdomen through the skin and tissues so that we could evaluate his abdominal cavity. We found that his diaphragm, a muscle which normally separates the abdominal cavity from the chest cavity and helps with breathing, was completely torn away from its normal attachments. This meant that all of his liver, his stomach and his spleen had moved from his abdominal cavity into his chest cavity. It also meant that he could not create the normal pressure changes in his chest cavity which are essential to breathing. We gently manipulated the abdominal organs back into their appropriate locations in the abdomen. We then sutured the diaphragm back to its original location and closed our initial incision. Sox recovered from anesthesia and was able to breathe without the help of the ventilator, but he still needed extra oxygen supplementation for the next several hours.

Sox spent the next 2 days in our hospital receiving supportive care while allowing his lungs and body to recover from the trauma. On the third day he was breathing well on his own and his blood pressures were normal.

We then took him back into the operating room to fix his femur fracture. He had broken his bone at the growth plate, a weak spot in the bone of a young, growing dog. The surgery went well and his fracture was stabilized with some pins. He recovered from anesthesia without any complications.

Sox went home the next day. He needed to be kept in a crate or small room for four weeks to allow his fracture to heal. This turned out to be a hard task because as soon as he started to feel better he wanted to play and run around. The family did an excellent job of taking care of him and helping him recovery.

We took radiographs of the femur 4 weeks after surgery and it was healing very well. All of his incisions were healed and his shaved skin was already covered with new hair! He had a slow return to normal activity over the next 2 weeks.

Sox is fully recovered now and running around at home as if nothing ever happened.

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